harmony 鸿蒙Blur Effect

  • 2023-10-30
  • 浏览 (284)

Blur Effect

Animation effects can add detail to your animations and create a sense of realism. For example, blur and shadow effects can lend a 3D look to objects and deliver a more engaging animation experience. ArkUI provides a diverse array of efficient APIs for you to develop exquisite and personalized effects. This topic covers the common blur, shadow, and color effects.

Blur effects add a sense of depth and allow for distinction of hierarchical relationship between elements.

API Description
backdropBlur Applies a background blur effect to the component. The input parameter is the blur radius.
blur Applies a foreground blur effect to the component. The input parameter is the blur radius.
backgroundBlurStyle Applies a background blur effect to the component. The input parameter is the blur style.
foregroundBlurStyle Applies a foreground blur effect to the component. The input parameter is the blur style.

Applying Background Blur with backdropBlur

@Entry
@Component
struct BlurEffectsExample {
  build() {
    Column({ space: 10 }) {
      Text('backdropblur')
        .width('90%')
        .height('90%')
        .fontSize(20)
        .fontColor(Color.White)
        .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
        .backdropBlur(10) // Apply background blur.
        .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
        .backgroundImageSize({ width: 400, height: 300 })
    }
    .width('100%')
    .height('50%')
    .margin({ top: 20 })
  }
}

en-us_image_0000001599812870

Applying Foreground Blur with blur

@Entry
@Component
struct Index1 {
  @State radius: number = 0;
  @State text: string = '';
  @State y: string = 'Finger not on the screen';

  aboutToAppear() {
    this.text = "Press a finger on the screen and slide up and down\n" + "Current finger position on the y-axis: " + this.y +
    "\n" + "Blur radius:" + this.radius;
  }

  build() {
    Flex({ direction: FlexDirection.Column, alignItems: ItemAlign.Center, justifyContent: FlexAlign.SpaceBetween }) {
      Text(this.text)
        .height(200)
        .fontSize(20)
        .fontWeight(FontWeight.Bold)
        .fontFamily("cursive")
        .fontStyle(FontStyle.Italic)
      Image($r("app.media.wall"))
        .blur(this.radius) // Apply foreground blur.
        .height('100%')
        .width("100%")
        .objectFit(ImageFit.Cover)
    }.height('100%')
    .width("100%")
    .onTouch((event?: TouchEvent) => {
      if(event){
        if (event.type === TouchType.Move) {
          this.y = Number(event.touches[0].y.toString()).toString();
          this.radius = Number(this.y) / 10; // Modify the blur radius based on the sliding distance.
        }
        if (event.type === TouchType.Up) {
          this.radius = 0;
          this.y = 'Finger off the screen';
        }
      }
      this.text = "Press a finger on the screen and slide up and down\n" + "Current finger position on the y-axis: " + this.y +
      "\n" + "Blur radius:" + this.radius;
    })
  }
}

en-us_image_0000001599813588

Applying Background Blur with backgroundBlurStyle

@Entry
@Component
struct BackDropBlurStyleDemo {
  build() {
    Grid() {
      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text ('Original')
              .fontSize(20)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))

          Text ('Original')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('Thin')
              .fontSize(20)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          // BlurStyle.Thin: Thin blur is applied.
          // ThemeColorMode.LIGHT: The light color mode is used.
          // AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT: Adaptive color mode is not used. The default color is used as the mask color.
          // scale: blurredness of the background material. The default value is 1.
          .backgroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.Thin, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('Thin')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('Regular')
              .fontSize(20)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .backgroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.Regular, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('Regular')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('Thick')
              .fontSize(20)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .backgroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.Thick, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('Thick')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('BACKGROUND_THIN')
              .fontSize(12)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .backgroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.BACKGROUND_THIN, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('BACKGROUND_THIN')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('BACKGROUND_REGULAR')
              .fontSize(12)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .backgroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.BACKGROUND_REGULAR, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('BACKGROUND_REGULAR')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('BACKGROUND_THICK')
              .fontSize(12)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .backgroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.BACKGROUND_THICK, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('BACKGROUND_THICK')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('BACKGROUND_ULTRA_THICK')
              .fontSize(12)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .backgroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.BACKGROUND_ULTRA_THICK, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('BACKGROUND_ULTRA_THICK')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)
    }
    .columnsTemplate('1fr 1fr')
    .rowsTemplate('1fr 1fr 1fr 1fr')
    .width('100%')
    .height('100%')
    .margin({ top: 40 })
  }
}

en-us_image_0000001649455517

Applying Foreground Blur with foregroundBlurStyle

@Entry
@Component
struct ForegroundBlurStyleDemo {
  build() {
    Grid() {
      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text ('Original')
              .fontSize(20)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))

          Text ('Original')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('Thin')
              .fontSize(20)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          // BlurStyle.Thin: Thin blur is applied.
          // ThemeColorMode.LIGHT: The light color mode is used.
          // AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT: Adaptive color mode is not used. The default color is used as the mask color.
          // scale: blurredness of the background material. The default value is 1.
          .foregroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.Thin, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('Thin')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('Regular')
              .fontSize(20)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .foregroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.Regular, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('Regular')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('Thick')
              .fontSize(20)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .foregroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.Thick, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('Thick')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('BACKGROUND_THIN')
              .fontSize(12)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .foregroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.BACKGROUND_THIN, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('BACKGROUND_THIN')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('BACKGROUND_REGULAR')
              .fontSize(12)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .foregroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.BACKGROUND_REGULAR, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('BACKGROUND_REGULAR')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('BACKGROUND_THICK')
              .fontSize(12)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .foregroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.BACKGROUND_THICK, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('BACKGROUND_THICK')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)

      GridItem() {
        Column() {
          Column() {
            Text('BACKGROUND_ULTRA_THICK')
              .fontSize(12)
              .fontColor(Color.White)
              .textAlign(TextAlign.Center)
              .width('100%')
              .height('100%')
          }
          .height(100)
          .aspectRatio(1)
          .borderRadius(10)
          .backgroundImage($r('app.media.share'))
          .foregroundBlurStyle(BlurStyle.BACKGROUND_ULTRA_THICK, {
            colorMode: ThemeColorMode.LIGHT,
            adaptiveColor: AdaptiveColor.DEFAULT,
            scale: 0.1
          })

          Text('BACKGROUND_ULTRA_THICK')
            .fontSize(12)
            .fontColor(Color.Black)
        }
        .height('100%')
        .justifyContent(FlexAlign.Start)
      }
      .width(200)
      .height(200)
    }
    .columnsTemplate('1fr 1fr')
    .rowsTemplate('1fr 1fr 1fr 1fr')
    .width('100%')
    .height('100%')
    .margin({ top: 40 })
  }
}

en-us_image_0000001599658168

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