greenplumn tupdesc 源码

  • 2022-08-18
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greenplumn tupdesc 代码

文件路径:/src/backend/access/common/tupdesc.c

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * tupdesc.c
 *	  POSTGRES tuple descriptor support code
 *
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2019, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
 *
 *
 * IDENTIFICATION
 *	  src/backend/access/common/tupdesc.c
 *
 * NOTES
 *	  some of the executor utility code such as "ExecTypeFromTL" should be
 *	  moved here.
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

#include "postgres.h"

#include "access/htup_details.h"
#include "access/tupdesc_details.h"
#include "catalog/pg_collation.h"
#include "catalog/pg_type.h"
#include "common/hashfn.h"
#include "miscadmin.h"
#include "parser/parse_type.h"
#include "utils/acl.h"
#include "utils/builtins.h"
#include "utils/datum.h"
#include "utils/resowner_private.h"
#include "utils/syscache.h"


/*
 * CreateTemplateTupleDesc
 *		This function allocates an empty tuple descriptor structure.
 *
 * Tuple type ID information is initially set for an anonymous record type;
 * caller can overwrite this if needed.
 */
TupleDesc
CreateTemplateTupleDesc(int natts)
{
	TupleDesc	desc;

	/*
	 * sanity checks
	 */
	AssertArg(natts >= 0);

	/*
	 * Allocate enough memory for the tuple descriptor, including the
	 * attribute rows.
	 *
	 * Note: the attribute array stride is sizeof(FormData_pg_attribute),
	 * since we declare the array elements as FormData_pg_attribute for
	 * notational convenience.  However, we only guarantee that the first
	 * ATTRIBUTE_FIXED_PART_SIZE bytes of each entry are valid; most code that
	 * copies tupdesc entries around copies just that much.  In principle that
	 * could be less due to trailing padding, although with the current
	 * definition of pg_attribute there probably isn't any padding.
	 */
	desc = (TupleDesc) palloc(offsetof(struct TupleDescData, attrs) +
							  natts * sizeof(FormData_pg_attribute));

	/*
	 * Initialize other fields of the tupdesc.
	 */
	desc->natts = natts;
	desc->constr = NULL;
	desc->tdtypeid = RECORDOID;
	desc->tdtypmod = -1;
	desc->tdrefcount = -1;		/* assume not reference-counted */

	return desc;
}

/*
 * CreateTupleDesc
 *		This function allocates a new TupleDesc by copying a given
 *		Form_pg_attribute array.
 *
 * Tuple type ID information is initially set for an anonymous record type;
 * caller can overwrite this if needed.
 */
TupleDesc
CreateTupleDesc(int natts, Form_pg_attribute *attrs)
{
	TupleDesc	desc;
	int			i;

	desc = CreateTemplateTupleDesc(natts);

	for (i = 0; i < natts; ++i)
		memcpy(TupleDescAttr(desc, i), attrs[i], ATTRIBUTE_FIXED_PART_SIZE);

	return desc;
}

/*
 * CreateTupleDescCopy
 *		This function creates a new TupleDesc by copying from an existing
 *		TupleDesc.
 *
 * !!! Constraints and defaults are not copied !!!
 */
TupleDesc
CreateTupleDescCopy(TupleDesc tupdesc)
{
	TupleDesc	desc;
	int			i;

	desc = CreateTemplateTupleDesc(tupdesc->natts);

	/* Flat-copy the attribute array */
	memcpy(TupleDescAttr(desc, 0),
		   TupleDescAttr(tupdesc, 0),
		   desc->natts * sizeof(FormData_pg_attribute));

	/*
	 * Since we're not copying constraints and defaults, clear fields
	 * associated with them.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < desc->natts; i++)
	{
		Form_pg_attribute att = TupleDescAttr(desc, i);

		att->attnotnull = false;
		att->atthasdef = false;
		att->atthasmissing = false;
		att->attidentity = '\0';
		att->attgenerated = '\0';
	}

	/* We can copy the tuple type identification, too */
	desc->tdtypeid = tupdesc->tdtypeid;
	desc->tdtypmod = tupdesc->tdtypmod;

	return desc;
}

/*
 * CreateTupleDescCopyConstr
 *		This function creates a new TupleDesc by copying from an existing
 *		TupleDesc (including its constraints and defaults).
 */
TupleDesc
CreateTupleDescCopyConstr(TupleDesc tupdesc)
{
	TupleDesc	desc;
	TupleConstr *constr = tupdesc->constr;
	int			i;

	desc = CreateTemplateTupleDesc(tupdesc->natts);

	/* Flat-copy the attribute array */
	memcpy(TupleDescAttr(desc, 0),
		   TupleDescAttr(tupdesc, 0),
		   desc->natts * sizeof(FormData_pg_attribute));

	/* Copy the TupleConstr data structure, if any */
	if (constr)
	{
		TupleConstr *cpy = (TupleConstr *) palloc0(sizeof(TupleConstr));

		cpy->has_not_null = constr->has_not_null;
		cpy->has_generated_stored = constr->has_generated_stored;

		if ((cpy->num_defval = constr->num_defval) > 0)
		{
			cpy->defval = (AttrDefault *) palloc(cpy->num_defval * sizeof(AttrDefault));
			memcpy(cpy->defval, constr->defval, cpy->num_defval * sizeof(AttrDefault));
			for (i = cpy->num_defval - 1; i >= 0; i--)
			{
				if (constr->defval[i].adbin)
					cpy->defval[i].adbin = pstrdup(constr->defval[i].adbin);
			}
		}

		if (constr->missing)
		{
			cpy->missing = (AttrMissing *) palloc(tupdesc->natts * sizeof(AttrMissing));
			memcpy(cpy->missing, constr->missing, tupdesc->natts * sizeof(AttrMissing));
			for (i = tupdesc->natts - 1; i >= 0; i--)
			{
				if (constr->missing[i].am_present)
				{
					Form_pg_attribute attr = TupleDescAttr(tupdesc, i);

					cpy->missing[i].am_value = datumCopy(constr->missing[i].am_value,
														 attr->attbyval,
														 attr->attlen);
				}
			}
		}

		if ((cpy->num_check = constr->num_check) > 0)
		{
			cpy->check = (ConstrCheck *) palloc(cpy->num_check * sizeof(ConstrCheck));
			memcpy(cpy->check, constr->check, cpy->num_check * sizeof(ConstrCheck));
			for (i = cpy->num_check - 1; i >= 0; i--)
			{
				if (constr->check[i].ccname)
					cpy->check[i].ccname = pstrdup(constr->check[i].ccname);
				if (constr->check[i].ccbin)
					cpy->check[i].ccbin = pstrdup(constr->check[i].ccbin);
				cpy->check[i].ccvalid = constr->check[i].ccvalid;
				cpy->check[i].ccnoinherit = constr->check[i].ccnoinherit;
			}
		}

		desc->constr = cpy;
	}

	/* We can copy the tuple type identification, too */
	desc->tdtypeid = tupdesc->tdtypeid;
	desc->tdtypmod = tupdesc->tdtypmod;

	return desc;
}

/*
 * TupleDescCopy
 *		Copy a tuple descriptor into caller-supplied memory.
 *		The memory may be shared memory mapped at any address, and must
 *		be sufficient to hold TupleDescSize(src) bytes.
 *
 * !!! Constraints and defaults are not copied !!!
 */
void
TupleDescCopy(TupleDesc dst, TupleDesc src)
{
	int			i;

	/* Flat-copy the header and attribute array */
	memcpy(dst, src, TupleDescSize(src));

	/*
	 * Since we're not copying constraints and defaults, clear fields
	 * associated with them.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < dst->natts; i++)
	{
		Form_pg_attribute att = TupleDescAttr(dst, i);

		att->attnotnull = false;
		att->atthasdef = false;
		att->atthasmissing = false;
		att->attidentity = '\0';
		att->attgenerated = '\0';
	}
	dst->constr = NULL;

	/*
	 * Also, assume the destination is not to be ref-counted.  (Copying the
	 * source's refcount would be wrong in any case.)
	 */
	dst->tdrefcount = -1;
}

/*
 * TupleDescCopyEntry
 *		This function copies a single attribute structure from one tuple
 *		descriptor to another.
 *
 * !!! Constraints and defaults are not copied !!!
 */
void
TupleDescCopyEntry(TupleDesc dst, AttrNumber dstAttno,
				   TupleDesc src, AttrNumber srcAttno)
{
	Form_pg_attribute dstAtt = TupleDescAttr(dst, dstAttno - 1);
	Form_pg_attribute srcAtt = TupleDescAttr(src, srcAttno - 1);

	/*
	 * sanity checks
	 */
	AssertArg(PointerIsValid(src));
	AssertArg(PointerIsValid(dst));
	AssertArg(srcAttno >= 1);
	AssertArg(srcAttno <= src->natts);
	AssertArg(dstAttno >= 1);
	AssertArg(dstAttno <= dst->natts);

	memcpy(dstAtt, srcAtt, ATTRIBUTE_FIXED_PART_SIZE);

	/*
	 * Aside from updating the attno, we'd better reset attcacheoff.
	 *
	 * XXX Actually, to be entirely safe we'd need to reset the attcacheoff of
	 * all following columns in dst as well.  Current usage scenarios don't
	 * require that though, because all following columns will get initialized
	 * by other uses of this function or TupleDescInitEntry.  So we cheat a
	 * bit to avoid a useless O(N^2) penalty.
	 */
	dstAtt->attnum = dstAttno;
	dstAtt->attcacheoff = -1;

	/* since we're not copying constraints or defaults, clear these */
	dstAtt->attnotnull = false;
	dstAtt->atthasdef = false;
	dstAtt->atthasmissing = false;
	dstAtt->attidentity = '\0';
	dstAtt->attgenerated = '\0';
}

/*
 * Free a TupleDesc including all substructure
 */
void
FreeTupleDesc(TupleDesc tupdesc)
{
	int			i;

	/*
	 * Possibly this should assert tdrefcount == 0, to disallow explicit
	 * freeing of un-refcounted tupdescs?
	 */
	Assert(tupdesc->tdrefcount <= 0);

	if (tupdesc->constr)
	{
		if (tupdesc->constr->num_defval > 0)
		{
			AttrDefault *attrdef = tupdesc->constr->defval;

			for (i = tupdesc->constr->num_defval - 1; i >= 0; i--)
			{
				if (attrdef[i].adbin)
					pfree(attrdef[i].adbin);
			}
			pfree(attrdef);
		}
		if (tupdesc->constr->missing)
		{
			AttrMissing *attrmiss = tupdesc->constr->missing;

			for (i = tupdesc->natts - 1; i >= 0; i--)
			{
				if (attrmiss[i].am_present
					&& !TupleDescAttr(tupdesc, i)->attbyval)
					pfree(DatumGetPointer(attrmiss[i].am_value));
			}
			pfree(attrmiss);
		}
		if (tupdesc->constr->num_check > 0)
		{
			ConstrCheck *check = tupdesc->constr->check;

			for (i = tupdesc->constr->num_check - 1; i >= 0; i--)
			{
				if (check[i].ccname)
					pfree(check[i].ccname);
				if (check[i].ccbin)
					pfree(check[i].ccbin);
			}
			pfree(check);
		}
		pfree(tupdesc->constr);
	}

	pfree(tupdesc);
}

/*
 * Increment the reference count of a tupdesc, and log the reference in
 * CurrentResourceOwner.
 *
 * Do not apply this to tupdescs that are not being refcounted.  (Use the
 * macro PinTupleDesc for tupdescs of uncertain status.)
 */
void
IncrTupleDescRefCount(TupleDesc tupdesc)
{
	Assert(tupdesc->tdrefcount >= 0);

	ResourceOwnerEnlargeTupleDescs(CurrentResourceOwner);
	tupdesc->tdrefcount++;
	ResourceOwnerRememberTupleDesc(CurrentResourceOwner, tupdesc);
}

/*
 * Decrement the reference count of a tupdesc, remove the corresponding
 * reference from CurrentResourceOwner, and free the tupdesc if no more
 * references remain.
 *
 * Do not apply this to tupdescs that are not being refcounted.  (Use the
 * macro ReleaseTupleDesc for tupdescs of uncertain status.)
 */
void
DecrTupleDescRefCount(TupleDesc tupdesc)
{
	Assert(tupdesc->tdrefcount > 0);

	ResourceOwnerForgetTupleDesc(CurrentResourceOwner, tupdesc);
	if (--tupdesc->tdrefcount == 0)
		FreeTupleDesc(tupdesc);
}

/*
 * Compare two TupleDesc structures for logical equality
 *
 * Note: we deliberately do not check the attrelid and tdtypmod fields.
 * This allows typcache.c to use this routine to see if a cached record type
 * matches a requested type, and is harmless for relcache.c's uses.
 * We don't compare tdrefcount, either.
 */
bool
equalTupleDescs(TupleDesc tupdesc1, TupleDesc tupdesc2, bool strict)
{
	int			i,
				j,
				n;

	if (tupdesc1->natts != tupdesc2->natts)
		return false;
	if (strict && tupdesc1->tdtypeid != tupdesc2->tdtypeid)
		return false;

	for (i = 0; i < tupdesc1->natts; i++)
	{
		Form_pg_attribute attr1 = TupleDescAttr(tupdesc1, i);
		Form_pg_attribute attr2 = TupleDescAttr(tupdesc2, i);

		/*
		 * We do not need to check every single field here: we can disregard
		 * attrelid and attnum (which were used to place the row in the attrs
		 * array in the first place).  It might look like we could dispense
		 * with checking attlen/attbyval/attalign, since these are derived
		 * from atttypid; but in the case of dropped columns we must check
		 * them (since atttypid will be zero for all dropped columns) and in
		 * general it seems safer to check them always.
		 *
		 * attcacheoff must NOT be checked since it's possibly not set in both
		 * copies.
		 */
		if (strcmp(NameStr(attr1->attname), NameStr(attr2->attname)) != 0)
			return false;
		if (attr1->atttypid != attr2->atttypid)
			return false;
		if (attr1->attstattarget != attr2->attstattarget)
			return false;
		if (attr1->attlen != attr2->attlen)
			return false;
		if (attr1->attndims != attr2->attndims)
			return false;
		if (attr1->atttypmod != attr2->atttypmod)
			return false;
		if (attr1->attbyval != attr2->attbyval)
			return false;
		if (attr1->attstorage != attr2->attstorage)
			return false;
		if (attr1->attalign != attr2->attalign)
			return false;

		if (strict)
		{
			if (attr1->attnotnull != attr2->attnotnull)
				return false;
			if (attr1->atthasdef != attr2->atthasdef)
				return false;
            if (attr1->attidentity != attr2->attidentity)
                return false;
            if (attr1->attgenerated != attr2->attgenerated)
                return false;
			if (attr1->attisdropped != attr2->attisdropped)
				return false;
			if (attr1->attislocal != attr2->attislocal)
				return false;
			if (attr1->attinhcount != attr2->attinhcount)
				return false;
			if (attr1->attcollation != attr2->attcollation)
				return false;
			/* attacl and attoptions are not even present... */
		}
	}

	if (!strict)
		return true;

	if (tupdesc1->constr != NULL)
	{
		TupleConstr *constr1 = tupdesc1->constr;
		TupleConstr *constr2 = tupdesc2->constr;

		if (constr2 == NULL)
			return false;
		if (constr1->has_not_null != constr2->has_not_null)
			return false;
		if (constr1->has_generated_stored != constr2->has_generated_stored)
			return false;
		n = constr1->num_defval;
		if (n != (int) constr2->num_defval)
			return false;
		for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
		{
			AttrDefault *defval1 = constr1->defval + i;
			AttrDefault *defval2 = constr2->defval;

			/*
			 * We can't assume that the items are always read from the system
			 * catalogs in the same order; so use the adnum field to identify
			 * the matching item to compare.
			 */
			for (j = 0; j < n; defval2++, j++)
			{
				if (defval1->adnum == defval2->adnum)
					break;
			}
			if (j >= n)
				return false;
			if (strcmp(defval1->adbin, defval2->adbin) != 0)
				return false;
		}
		if (constr1->missing)
		{
			if (!constr2->missing)
				return false;
			for (i = 0; i < tupdesc1->natts; i++)
			{
				AttrMissing *missval1 = constr1->missing + i;
				AttrMissing *missval2 = constr2->missing + i;

				if (missval1->am_present != missval2->am_present)
					return false;
				if (missval1->am_present)
				{
					Form_pg_attribute missatt1 = TupleDescAttr(tupdesc1, i);

					if (!datumIsEqual(missval1->am_value, missval2->am_value,
									  missatt1->attbyval, missatt1->attlen))
						return false;
				}
			}
		}
		else if (constr2->missing)
			return false;
		n = constr1->num_check;
		if (n != (int) constr2->num_check)
			return false;
		for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
		{
			ConstrCheck *check1 = constr1->check + i;
			ConstrCheck *check2 = constr2->check;

			/*
			 * Similarly, don't assume that the checks are always read in the
			 * same order; match them up by name and contents. (The name
			 * *should* be unique, but...)
			 */
			for (j = 0; j < n; check2++, j++)
			{
				if (strcmp(check1->ccname, check2->ccname) == 0 &&
					strcmp(check1->ccbin, check2->ccbin) == 0 &&
					check1->ccvalid == check2->ccvalid &&
					check1->ccnoinherit == check2->ccnoinherit)
					break;
			}
			if (j >= n)
				return false;
		}
	}
	else if (tupdesc2->constr != NULL)
		return false;
	return true;
}

/*
 * hashTupleDesc
 *		Compute a hash value for a tuple descriptor.
 *
 * If two tuple descriptors would be considered equal by equalTupleDescs()
 * then their hash value will be equal according to this function.
 *
 * Note that currently contents of constraint are not hashed - it'd be a bit
 * painful to do so, and conflicts just due to constraints are unlikely.
 */
uint32
hashTupleDesc(TupleDesc desc)
{
	uint32		s;
	int			i;

	s = hash_combine(0, hash_uint32(desc->natts));
	s = hash_combine(s, hash_uint32(desc->tdtypeid));
	for (i = 0; i < desc->natts; ++i)
		s = hash_combine(s, hash_uint32(TupleDescAttr(desc, i)->atttypid));

	return s;
}

/*
 * TupleDescInitEntry
 *		This function initializes a single attribute structure in
 *		a previously allocated tuple descriptor.
 *
 * If attributeName is NULL, the attname field is set to an empty string
 * (this is for cases where we don't know or need a name for the field).
 * Also, some callers use this function to change the datatype-related fields
 * in an existing tupdesc; they pass attributeName = NameStr(att->attname)
 * to indicate that the attname field shouldn't be modified.
 *
 * Note that attcollation is set to the default for the specified datatype.
 * If a nondefault collation is needed, insert it afterwards using
 * TupleDescInitEntryCollation.
 */
void
TupleDescInitEntry(TupleDesc desc,
				   AttrNumber attributeNumber,
				   const char *attributeName,
				   Oid oidtypeid,
				   int32 typmod,
				   int attdim)
{
	HeapTuple	tuple;
	Form_pg_type typeForm;
	Form_pg_attribute att;

	/*
	 * sanity checks
	 */
	AssertArg(PointerIsValid(desc));
	AssertArg(attributeNumber >= 1);
	AssertArg(attributeNumber <= desc->natts);

	/*
	 * initialize the attribute fields
	 */
	att = TupleDescAttr(desc, attributeNumber - 1);

	att->attrelid = 0;			/* dummy value */

	/*
	 * Note: attributeName can be NULL, because the planner doesn't always
	 * fill in valid resname values in targetlists, particularly for resjunk
	 * attributes. Also, do nothing if caller wants to re-use the old attname.
	 */
	if (attributeName == NULL)
		MemSet(NameStr(att->attname), 0, NAMEDATALEN);
	else if (attributeName != NameStr(att->attname))
		namestrcpy(&(att->attname), attributeName);

	att->attstattarget = -1;
	att->attcacheoff = -1;
	att->atttypmod = typmod;

	att->attnum = attributeNumber;
	att->attndims = attdim;

	att->attnotnull = false;
	att->atthasdef = false;
	att->atthasmissing = false;
	att->attidentity = '\0';
	att->attgenerated = '\0';
	att->attisdropped = false;
	att->attislocal = true;
	att->attinhcount = 0;
	/* attacl, attoptions and attfdwoptions are not present in tupledescs */

	tuple = SearchSysCache1(TYPEOID, ObjectIdGetDatum(oidtypeid));
	if (!HeapTupleIsValid(tuple))
		elog(ERROR, "cache lookup failed for type %u", oidtypeid);
	typeForm = (Form_pg_type) GETSTRUCT(tuple);

	att->atttypid = oidtypeid;
	att->attlen = typeForm->typlen;
	att->attbyval = typeForm->typbyval;
	att->attalign = typeForm->typalign;
	att->attstorage = typeForm->typstorage;
	att->attcollation = typeForm->typcollation;

	ReleaseSysCache(tuple);
}

/*
 * TupleDescInitBuiltinEntry
 *		Initialize a tuple descriptor without catalog access.  Only
 *		a limited range of builtin types are supported.
 */
void
TupleDescInitBuiltinEntry(TupleDesc desc,
						  AttrNumber attributeNumber,
						  const char *attributeName,
						  Oid oidtypeid,
						  int32 typmod,
						  int attdim)
{
	Form_pg_attribute att;

	/* sanity checks */
	AssertArg(PointerIsValid(desc));
	AssertArg(attributeNumber >= 1);
	AssertArg(attributeNumber <= desc->natts);

	/* initialize the attribute fields */
	att = TupleDescAttr(desc, attributeNumber - 1);
	att->attrelid = 0;			/* dummy value */

	/* unlike TupleDescInitEntry, we require an attribute name */
	Assert(attributeName != NULL);
	namestrcpy(&(att->attname), attributeName);

	att->attstattarget = -1;
	att->attcacheoff = -1;
	att->atttypmod = typmod;

	att->attnum = attributeNumber;
	att->attndims = attdim;

	att->attnotnull = false;
	att->atthasdef = false;
	att->atthasmissing = false;
	att->attidentity = '\0';
	att->attgenerated = '\0';
	att->attisdropped = false;
	att->attislocal = true;
	att->attinhcount = 0;
	/* attacl, attoptions and attfdwoptions are not present in tupledescs */

	att->atttypid = oidtypeid;

	/*
	 * Our goal here is to support just enough types to let basic builtin
	 * commands work without catalog access - e.g. so that we can do certain
	 * things even in processes that are not connected to a database.
	 */
	switch (oidtypeid)
	{
		case TEXTOID:
		case TEXTARRAYOID:
			att->attlen = -1;
			att->attbyval = false;
			att->attalign = 'i';
			att->attstorage = 'x';
			att->attcollation = DEFAULT_COLLATION_OID;
			break;

		case BOOLOID:
			att->attlen = 1;
			att->attbyval = true;
			att->attalign = 'c';
			att->attstorage = 'p';
			att->attcollation = InvalidOid;
			break;

		case INT4OID:
			att->attlen = 4;
			att->attbyval = true;
			att->attalign = 'i';
			att->attstorage = 'p';
			att->attcollation = InvalidOid;
			break;

		case INT8OID:
			att->attlen = 8;
			att->attbyval = FLOAT8PASSBYVAL;
			att->attalign = 'd';
			att->attstorage = 'p';
			att->attcollation = InvalidOid;
			break;

		default:
			elog(ERROR, "unsupported type %u", oidtypeid);
	}
}

/*
 * TupleDescInitEntryCollation
 *
 * Assign a nondefault collation to a previously initialized tuple descriptor
 * entry.
 */
void
TupleDescInitEntryCollation(TupleDesc desc,
							AttrNumber attributeNumber,
							Oid collationid)
{
	/*
	 * sanity checks
	 */
	AssertArg(PointerIsValid(desc));
	AssertArg(attributeNumber >= 1);
	AssertArg(attributeNumber <= desc->natts);

	TupleDescAttr(desc, attributeNumber - 1)->attcollation = collationid;
}


/*
 * BuildDescForRelation
 *
 * Given a relation schema (list of ColumnDef nodes), build a TupleDesc.
 *
 * Note: the default assumption is no OIDs; caller may modify the returned
 * TupleDesc if it wants OIDs.  Also, tdtypeid will need to be filled in
 * later on.
 */
TupleDesc
BuildDescForRelation(List *schema)
{
	int			natts;
	AttrNumber	attnum;
	ListCell   *l;
	TupleDesc	desc;
	bool		has_not_null;
	char	   *attname;
	Oid			atttypid;
	int32		atttypmod;
	Oid			attcollation;
	int			attdim;

	/*
	 * allocate a new tuple descriptor
	 */
	natts = list_length(schema);
	desc = CreateTemplateTupleDesc(natts);
	has_not_null = false;

	attnum = 0;

	foreach(l, schema)
	{
		ColumnDef  *entry = lfirst(l);
		AclResult	aclresult;
		Form_pg_attribute att;

		/*
		 * for each entry in the list, get the name and type information from
		 * the list and have TupleDescInitEntry fill in the attribute
		 * information we need.
		 */
		attnum++;

		attname = entry->colname;
		typenameTypeIdAndMod(NULL, entry->typeName, &atttypid, &atttypmod);

		aclresult = pg_type_aclcheck(atttypid, GetUserId(), ACL_USAGE);
		if (aclresult != ACLCHECK_OK)
			aclcheck_error_type(aclresult, atttypid);

		attcollation = GetColumnDefCollation(NULL, entry, atttypid);
		attdim = list_length(entry->typeName->arrayBounds);

		if (entry->typeName->setof)
			ereport(ERROR,
					(errcode(ERRCODE_INVALID_TABLE_DEFINITION),
					 errmsg("column \"%s\" cannot be declared SETOF",
							attname)));

		TupleDescInitEntry(desc, attnum, attname,
						   atttypid, atttypmod, attdim);
		att = TupleDescAttr(desc, attnum - 1);

		/* Override TupleDescInitEntry's settings as requested */
		TupleDescInitEntryCollation(desc, attnum, attcollation);
		if (entry->storage)
			att->attstorage = entry->storage;

		/* Fill in additional stuff not handled by TupleDescInitEntry */
		att->attnotnull = entry->is_not_null;
		has_not_null |= entry->is_not_null;
		att->attislocal = entry->is_local;
		att->attinhcount = entry->inhcount;
	}

	if (has_not_null)
	{
		TupleConstr *constr = (TupleConstr *) palloc0(sizeof(TupleConstr));

		constr->has_not_null = true;
		constr->has_generated_stored = false;
		constr->defval = NULL;
		constr->missing = NULL;
		constr->num_defval = 0;
		constr->check = NULL;
		constr->num_check = 0;
		desc->constr = constr;
	}
	else
	{
		desc->constr = NULL;
	}

	return desc;
}

/*
 * BuildDescFromLists
 *
 * Build a TupleDesc given lists of column names (as String nodes),
 * column type OIDs, typmods, and collation OIDs.
 *
 * No constraints are generated.
 *
 * This is essentially a cut-down version of BuildDescForRelation for use
 * with functions returning RECORD.
 */
TupleDesc
BuildDescFromLists(List *names, List *types, List *typmods, List *collations)
{
	int			natts;
	AttrNumber	attnum;
	ListCell   *l1;
	ListCell   *l2;
	ListCell   *l3;
	ListCell   *l4;
	TupleDesc	desc;

	natts = list_length(names);
	Assert(natts == list_length(types));
	Assert(natts == list_length(typmods));
	Assert(natts == list_length(collations));

	/*
	 * allocate a new tuple descriptor
	 */
	desc = CreateTemplateTupleDesc(natts);

	attnum = 0;
	forfour(l1, names, l2, types, l3, typmods, l4, collations)
	{
		char	   *attname = strVal(lfirst(l1));
		Oid			atttypid = lfirst_oid(l2);
		int32		atttypmod = lfirst_int(l3);
		Oid			attcollation = lfirst_oid(l4);

		attnum++;

		TupleDescInitEntry(desc, attnum, attname, atttypid, atttypmod, 0);
		TupleDescInitEntryCollation(desc, attnum, attcollation);
	}

	return desc;
}

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