go semaphore 源码

  • 2022-07-15
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golang semaphore 代码


// Copyright 2017 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

// Package semaphore provides a weighted semaphore implementation.
package semaphore // import "golang.org/x/sync/semaphore"

import (

type waiter struct {
	n     int64
	ready chan<- struct{} // Closed when semaphore acquired.

// NewWeighted creates a new weighted semaphore with the given
// maximum combined weight for concurrent access.
func NewWeighted(n int64) *Weighted {
	w := &Weighted{size: n}
	return w

// Weighted provides a way to bound concurrent access to a resource.
// The callers can request access with a given weight.
type Weighted struct {
	size    int64
	cur     int64
	mu      sync.Mutex
	waiters list.List

// Acquire acquires the semaphore with a weight of n, blocking until resources
// are available or ctx is done. On success, returns nil. On failure, returns
// ctx.Err() and leaves the semaphore unchanged.
// If ctx is already done, Acquire may still succeed without blocking.
func (s *Weighted) Acquire(ctx context.Context, n int64) error {
	if s.size-s.cur >= n && s.waiters.Len() == 0 {
		s.cur += n
		return nil

	if n > s.size {
		// Don't make other Acquire calls block on one that's doomed to fail.
		return ctx.Err()

	ready := make(chan struct{})
	w := waiter{n: n, ready: ready}
	elem := s.waiters.PushBack(w)

	select {
	case <-ctx.Done():
		err := ctx.Err()
		select {
		case <-ready:
			// Acquired the semaphore after we were canceled.  Rather than trying to
			// fix up the queue, just pretend we didn't notice the cancelation.
			err = nil
			isFront := s.waiters.Front() == elem
			// If we're at the front and there're extra tokens left, notify other waiters.
			if isFront && s.size > s.cur {
		return err

	case <-ready:
		return nil

// TryAcquire acquires the semaphore with a weight of n without blocking.
// On success, returns true. On failure, returns false and leaves the semaphore unchanged.
func (s *Weighted) TryAcquire(n int64) bool {
	success := s.size-s.cur >= n && s.waiters.Len() == 0
	if success {
		s.cur += n
	return success

// Release releases the semaphore with a weight of n.
func (s *Weighted) Release(n int64) {
	s.cur -= n
	if s.cur < 0 {
		panic("semaphore: released more than held")

func (s *Weighted) notifyWaiters() {
	for {
		next := s.waiters.Front()
		if next == nil {
			break // No more waiters blocked.

		w := next.Value.(waiter)
		if s.size-s.cur < w.n {
			// Not enough tokens for the next waiter.  We could keep going (to try to
			// find a waiter with a smaller request), but under load that could cause
			// starvation for large requests; instead, we leave all remaining waiters
			// blocked.
			// Consider a semaphore used as a read-write lock, with N tokens, N
			// readers, and one writer.  Each reader can Acquire(1) to obtain a read
			// lock.  The writer can Acquire(N) to obtain a write lock, excluding all
			// of the readers.  If we allow the readers to jump ahead in the queue,
			// the writer will starve — there is always one token available for every
			// reader.

		s.cur += w.n


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