hadoop ApplicationMaster 源码

  • 2022-10-20
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haddop ApplicationMaster 代码

文件路径:/hadoop-tools/hadoop-dynamometer/hadoop-dynamometer-infra/src/main/java/org/apache/hadoop/tools/dynamometer/ApplicationMaster.java

/**
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.hadoop.tools.dynamometer;

import org.apache.hadoop.thirdparty.com.google.common.base.Joiner;
import org.apache.hadoop.util.Lists;
import org.apache.hadoop.thirdparty.com.google.common.primitives.Ints;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Optional;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.Random;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap;
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;

import java.util.function.Supplier;
import org.apache.commons.cli.CommandLine;
import org.apache.commons.cli.GnuParser;
import org.apache.commons.cli.HelpFormatter;
import org.apache.commons.cli.Options;
import org.apache.commons.cli.ParseException;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceAudience;
import org.apache.hadoop.classification.InterfaceStability;
import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileStatus;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.DataOutputBuffer;
import org.apache.hadoop.net.NetUtils;
import org.apache.hadoop.security.Credentials;
import org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.ApplicationConstants;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.ApplicationConstants.Environment;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.ContainerManagementProtocol;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.ApplicationAccessType;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.ApplicationAttemptId;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.Container;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.ContainerId;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.ContainerLaunchContext;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.ContainerState;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.ContainerStatus;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.FinalApplicationStatus;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.LocalResource;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.LocalResourceType;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.LocalResourceVisibility;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.NodeReport;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.Priority;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.Resource;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.URL;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.api.records.UpdatedContainer;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.client.api.AMRMClient.ContainerRequest;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.client.api.async.AMRMClientAsync;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.client.api.async.NMClientAsync;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.client.api.async.impl.NMClientAsyncImpl;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.conf.YarnConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.exceptions.YarnException;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.security.AMRMTokenIdentifier;
import org.apache.hadoop.yarn.util.Records;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;


/**
 * The ApplicationMaster for Dynamometer. This will launch DataNodes in YARN
 * containers. If the RPC address of a NameNode is specified, it will configure
 * the DataNodes to talk to that NameNode. Else, a NameNode will be launched as
 * part of this YARN application. This does not implement any retry/failure
 * handling.
 * TODO: Add proper retry/failure handling
 * <p>
 * The AM will persist until it has run for a period of time equal to the
 * timeout specified or until the application is killed.
 * <p>
 * If the NameNode is launched internally, it will upload some information
 * onto the remote HDFS instance (i.e., the default FileSystem) about its
 * hostname and ports. This is in the location determined by the
 * {@link DynoConstants#DYNAMOMETER_STORAGE_DIR} and
 * {@link DynoConstants#NN_INFO_FILE_NAME} constants and is in the
 * {@link Properties} file format. This is consumed by this AM as well as the
 * {@link Client} to determine how to contact the NameNode.
 * <p>
 * Information about the location of the DataNodes is logged by the AM.
 */
@InterfaceAudience.Public
@InterfaceStability.Unstable
public class ApplicationMaster {

  private static final Logger LOG =
      LoggerFactory.getLogger(ApplicationMaster.class);
  private static final Random RAND = new Random();

  // Configuration
  private Configuration conf;

  // Handle to communicate with the Resource Manager
  private AMRMClientAsync<ContainerRequest> amRMClient;

  // Handle to communicate with the Node Manager
  private NMClientAsync nmClientAsync;
  // Listen to process the response from the Node Manager
  private NMCallbackHandler containerListener;
  // The collection of options passed in via the Client
  private AMOptions amOptions;

  private List<LocalResource> blockListFiles;
  private int numTotalDataNodes;
  private int numTotalDataNodeContainers;

  // Counter for completed datanodes (complete denotes successful or failed )
  private AtomicInteger numCompletedDataNodeContainers = new AtomicInteger();
  // Allocated datanode count so that we know how many datanodes has the RM
  // allocated to us
  private AtomicInteger numAllocatedDataNodeContainers = new AtomicInteger();
  // Count of failed datanodes
  private AtomicInteger numFailedDataNodeContainers = new AtomicInteger();

  // True iff the application has completed and is ready for cleanup
  // Once true, will never be false. This variable should not be accessed
  // directly but rather through the isComplete, waitForCompletion, and
  // markCompleted methods.
  private boolean completed = false;
  private final Object completionLock = new Object();

  private ByteBuffer allTokens;

  // Launch threads
  private List<Thread> launchThreads = new ArrayList<>();

  // True iff this AM should launch and manage a Namanode
  private boolean launchNameNode;
  // The service RPC address of a remote NameNode to be contacted by the
  // launched DataNodes
  private String namenodeServiceRpcAddress = "";
  // Directory to use for remote storage (a location on the remote FS which
  // can be accessed by all components)
  private Path remoteStoragePath;
  // The ACLs to view the launched containers
  private Map<ApplicationAccessType, String> applicationAcls;
  // The container the NameNode is running within
  private volatile Container namenodeContainer;
  // Map of the containers that the DataNodes are running within
  private ConcurrentMap<ContainerId, Container> datanodeContainers =
      new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

  // Username of the user who launched this application.
  private String launchingUser;

  /**
   * @param args Command line args
   */
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    boolean result = false;
    try {
      ApplicationMaster appMaster = new ApplicationMaster();
      LOG.info("Initializing ApplicationMaster");
      boolean doRun = appMaster.init(args);
      if (!doRun) {
        System.exit(0);
      }
      result = appMaster.run();
    } catch (Throwable t) {
      LOG.error("Error running ApplicationMaster", t);
      System.exit(1);
    }
    if (result) {
      LOG.info("Application Master completed successfully. exiting");
      System.exit(0);
    } else {
      LOG.info("Application Master failed. exiting");
      System.exit(2);
    }
  }

  public ApplicationMaster() {
    // Set up the configuration
    conf = new YarnConfiguration();
  }

  /**
   * Parse command line options.
   *
   * @param args Command line args
   * @return Whether init successful and run should be invoked
   * @throws ParseException on error while parsing options
   */
  public boolean init(String[] args) throws ParseException {

    Options opts = new Options();
    AMOptions.setOptions(opts);
    CommandLine cliParser = new GnuParser().parse(opts, args);

    if (args.length == 0) {
      printUsage(opts);
      throw new IllegalArgumentException(
          "No args specified for application master to initialize");
    }

    if (cliParser.hasOption("help")) {
      printUsage(opts);
      return false;
    }

    Map<String, String> envs = System.getenv();

    remoteStoragePath = new Path(
        envs.get(DynoConstants.REMOTE_STORAGE_PATH_ENV));
    applicationAcls = new HashMap<>();
    applicationAcls.put(ApplicationAccessType.VIEW_APP,
        envs.get(DynoConstants.JOB_ACL_VIEW_ENV));
    launchingUser = envs.get(Environment.USER.name());
    if (envs.containsKey(DynoConstants.REMOTE_NN_RPC_ADDR_ENV)) {
      launchNameNode = false;
      namenodeServiceRpcAddress = envs
          .get(DynoConstants.REMOTE_NN_RPC_ADDR_ENV);
    } else {
      launchNameNode = true;
      // namenodeServiceRpcAddress will be set in run() once properties are
      // available
    }

    ContainerId containerId =
        ContainerId.fromString(envs.get(Environment.CONTAINER_ID.name()));
    ApplicationAttemptId appAttemptID = containerId.getApplicationAttemptId();
    LOG.info("Application master for app: appId={}, clusterTimestamp={}, "
        + "attemptId={}", appAttemptID.getApplicationId().getId(),
        appAttemptID.getApplicationId().getClusterTimestamp(),
        appAttemptID.getAttemptId());

    amOptions = AMOptions.initFromParser(cliParser);

    return true;
  }

  /**
   * Helper function to print usage.
   *
   * @param opts arsed command line options
   */
  private void printUsage(Options opts) {
    new HelpFormatter().printHelp("ApplicationMaster", opts);
  }

  /**
   * Main run function for the application master.
   *
   * @return True if the application completed successfully; false if if exited
   *         unexpectedly, failed, was killed, etc.
   * @throws YarnException for issues while contacting YARN daemons
   * @throws IOException for other issues
   * @throws InterruptedException when the thread is interrupted
   */
  public boolean run() throws YarnException, IOException, InterruptedException {
    LOG.info("Starting ApplicationMaster");

    Credentials credentials = UserGroupInformation.getCurrentUser()
        .getCredentials();
    DataOutputBuffer dob = new DataOutputBuffer();
    credentials.writeTokenStorageToStream(dob);
    // Now remove the AM->RM token so that containers cannot access it.
    credentials.getAllTokens().removeIf((token) ->
            token.getKind().equals(AMRMTokenIdentifier.KIND_NAME));
    allTokens = ByteBuffer.wrap(dob.getData(), 0, dob.getLength());

    AMRMClientAsync.AbstractCallbackHandler allocListener =
        new RMCallbackHandler();
    amRMClient = AMRMClientAsync.createAMRMClientAsync(1000, allocListener);
    amRMClient.init(conf);
    amRMClient.start();

    containerListener = createNMCallbackHandler();
    nmClientAsync = new NMClientAsyncImpl(containerListener);
    nmClientAsync.init(conf);
    nmClientAsync.start();

    // Register self with ResourceManager
    // This will start heartbeating to the RM
    String appMasterHostname = NetUtils.getHostname();
    amRMClient.registerApplicationMaster(appMasterHostname, -1, "");

    // Supplier to use to indicate to wait-loops to stop waiting
    Supplier<Boolean> exitCritera = this::isComplete;

    Optional<Properties> namenodeProperties = Optional.empty();
    if (launchNameNode) {
      ContainerRequest nnContainerRequest = setupContainerAskForRM(
          amOptions.getNameNodeMemoryMB(), amOptions.getNameNodeVirtualCores(),
          0, amOptions.getNameNodeNodeLabelExpression());
      LOG.info("Requested NameNode ask: " + nnContainerRequest.toString());
      amRMClient.addContainerRequest(nnContainerRequest);

      // Wait for the NN container to make its information available on the
      // shared
      // remote file storage
      Path namenodeInfoPath = new Path(remoteStoragePath,
          DynoConstants.NN_INFO_FILE_NAME);
      LOG.info("Waiting on availability of NameNode information at "
          + namenodeInfoPath);

      namenodeProperties = DynoInfraUtils.waitForAndGetNameNodeProperties(
          exitCritera, conf, namenodeInfoPath, LOG);
      if (!namenodeProperties.isPresent()) {
        cleanup();
        return false;
      }
      namenodeServiceRpcAddress = DynoInfraUtils
          .getNameNodeServiceRpcAddr(namenodeProperties.get()).toString();
      LOG.info("NameNode information: " + namenodeProperties.get());
      LOG.info("NameNode can be reached at: " + DynoInfraUtils
          .getNameNodeHdfsUri(namenodeProperties.get()).toString());
      DynoInfraUtils.waitForNameNodeStartup(namenodeProperties.get(),
          exitCritera, LOG);
    } else {
      LOG.info("Using remote NameNode with RPC address: "
          + namenodeServiceRpcAddress);
    }

    blockListFiles = Collections
        .synchronizedList(getDataNodeBlockListingFiles());
    numTotalDataNodes = blockListFiles.size();
    if (numTotalDataNodes == 0) {
      LOG.error(
          "No block listing files were found! Cannot run with 0 DataNodes.");
      markCompleted();
      return false;
    }
    numTotalDataNodeContainers = (int) Math.ceil(((double) numTotalDataNodes)
        / Math.max(1, amOptions.getDataNodesPerCluster()));

    LOG.info("Requesting {} DataNode containers with {} MB memory, {} vcores",
        numTotalDataNodeContainers, amOptions.getDataNodeMemoryMB(),
        amOptions.getDataNodeVirtualCores());
    for (int i = 0; i < numTotalDataNodeContainers; ++i) {
      ContainerRequest datanodeAsk = setupContainerAskForRM(
          amOptions.getDataNodeMemoryMB(), amOptions.getDataNodeVirtualCores(),
          1, amOptions.getDataNodeNodeLabelExpression());
      amRMClient.addContainerRequest(datanodeAsk);
      LOG.debug("Requested datanode ask: " + datanodeAsk.toString());
    }
    LOG.info("Finished requesting datanode containers");

    if (launchNameNode) {
      DynoInfraUtils.waitForNameNodeReadiness(namenodeProperties.get(),
          numTotalDataNodes, true, exitCritera, conf, LOG);
    }

    waitForCompletion();
    return cleanup();
  }

  private NMCallbackHandler createNMCallbackHandler() {
    return new NMCallbackHandler();
  }

  /**
   * Wait until the application has finished and is ready for cleanup.
   */
  private void waitForCompletion() throws InterruptedException {
    synchronized (completionLock) {
      while (!completed) {
        completionLock.wait();
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * Check completion status of the application.
   *
   * @return True iff it has completed.
   */
  private boolean isComplete() {
    synchronized (completionLock) {
      return completed;
    }
  }

  /**
   * Mark that this application should begin cleaning up and exit.
   */
  private void markCompleted() {
    synchronized (completionLock) {
      completed = true;
      completionLock.notify();
    }
  }

  /**
   * @return True iff the application successfully completed
   */
  private boolean cleanup() {
    // Join all launched threads
    // needed for when we time out
    // and we need to release containers
    for (Thread launchThread : launchThreads) {
      try {
        launchThread.join(10000);
      } catch (InterruptedException e) {
        LOG.info("Exception thrown in thread join: " + e.getMessage());
        e.printStackTrace();
      }
    }

    // When the application completes, it should stop all running containers
    LOG.info("Application completed. Stopping running containers");
    nmClientAsync.stop();

    // When the application completes, it should send a finish application
    // signal to the RM
    LOG.info("Application completed. Signalling finish to RM");

    FinalApplicationStatus appStatus;
    String appMessage = null;
    boolean success;
    if (numFailedDataNodeContainers.get() == 0
        && numCompletedDataNodeContainers.get() == numTotalDataNodes) {
      appStatus = FinalApplicationStatus.SUCCEEDED;
      success = true;
    } else {
      appStatus = FinalApplicationStatus.FAILED;
      appMessage = "Diagnostics: total=" + numTotalDataNodeContainers
          + ", completed=" + numCompletedDataNodeContainers.get()
          + ", allocated=" + numAllocatedDataNodeContainers.get()
          + ", failed=" + numFailedDataNodeContainers.get();
      success = false;
    }
    try {
      amRMClient.unregisterApplicationMaster(appStatus, appMessage, null);
    } catch (YarnException|IOException ex) {
      LOG.error("Failed to unregister application", ex);
    }

    amRMClient.stop();
    return success;
  }

  private class RMCallbackHandler
      extends AMRMClientAsync.AbstractCallbackHandler {

    @Override
    public void onContainersCompleted(
        List<ContainerStatus> completedContainers) {
      LOG.info("Got response from RM for container ask, completedCnt="
          + completedContainers.size());
      for (ContainerStatus containerStatus : completedContainers) {
        String containerInfo = "containerID=" + containerStatus.getContainerId()
            + ", state=" + containerStatus.getState() + ", exitStatus="
            + containerStatus.getExitStatus() + ", diagnostics="
            + StringUtils.abbreviate(containerStatus.getDiagnostics(), 1000);
        String component;
        if (isNameNode(containerStatus.getContainerId())) {
          component = "NAMENODE";
        } else if (isDataNode(containerStatus.getContainerId())) {
          component = "DATANODE";
        } else {
          LOG.error("Received container status for unknown container: "
              + containerInfo);
          continue;
        }
        LOG.info(
            "Got container status for " + component + ": " + containerInfo);

        // non complete containers should not be here
        assert (containerStatus.getState() == ContainerState.COMPLETE);

        if (component.equals("NAMENODE")) {
          LOG.info("NameNode container completed; marking application as done");
          markCompleted();
        }

        // increment counters for completed/failed containers
        int exitStatus = containerStatus.getExitStatus();
        int completedIdx = numCompletedDataNodeContainers.incrementAndGet();
        if (0 != exitStatus) {
          numFailedDataNodeContainers.incrementAndGet();
        } else {
          LOG.info("DataNode {} completed successfully, containerId={}",
              completedIdx, containerStatus.getContainerId());
        }
      }

      if (numCompletedDataNodeContainers.get() == numTotalDataNodeContainers) {
        LOG.info(
            "All datanode containers completed; marking application as done");
        markCompleted();
      }
    }

    @Override
    public void onContainersAllocated(List<Container> allocatedContainers) {
      LOG.info("Got response from RM for container ask, allocatedCnt="
          + allocatedContainers.size());
      for (Container container : allocatedContainers) {
        LaunchContainerRunnable containerLauncher;
        String componentType;
        Resource rsrc = container.getResource();
        if (launchNameNode
            && rsrc.getMemorySize() >= amOptions.getNameNodeMemoryMB()
            && rsrc.getVirtualCores() >= amOptions.getNameNodeVirtualCores()
            && namenodeContainer == null) {
          namenodeContainer = container;
          componentType = "NAMENODE";
          containerLauncher = new LaunchContainerRunnable(container, true);
        } else if (rsrc.getMemorySize() >= amOptions.getDataNodeMemoryMB()
            && rsrc.getVirtualCores() >= amOptions.getDataNodeVirtualCores()
            && numAllocatedDataNodeContainers.get() < numTotalDataNodes) {
          if (launchNameNode && namenodeContainer == null) {
            LOG.error("Received a container with following resources suited "
                + "for a DataNode but no NameNode container exists: "
                + "containerMem=" + rsrc.getMemorySize() + ", containerVcores="
                + rsrc.getVirtualCores());
            continue;
          }
          numAllocatedDataNodeContainers.getAndIncrement();
          datanodeContainers.put(container.getId(), container);
          componentType = "DATANODE";
          containerLauncher = new LaunchContainerRunnable(container, false);
        } else {
          LOG.warn("Received unwanted container allocation: " + container);
          nmClientAsync.stopContainerAsync(container.getId(),
              container.getNodeId());
          continue;
        }
        LOG.info("Launching " + componentType + " on a new container."
            + ", containerId=" + container.getId() + ", containerNode="
            + container.getNodeId().getHost() + ":"
            + container.getNodeId().getPort() + ", containerNodeURI="
            + container.getNodeHttpAddress() + ", containerResourceMemory="
            + rsrc.getMemorySize() + ", containerResourceVirtualCores="
            + rsrc.getVirtualCores());
        Thread launchThread = new Thread(containerLauncher);

        // launch and start the container on a separate thread to keep
        // the main thread unblocked
        // as all containers may not be allocated at one go.
        launchThreads.add(launchThread);
        launchThread.start();
      }
    }

    @Override
    public void onShutdownRequest() {
      markCompleted();
    }

    @Override
    public void onNodesUpdated(List<NodeReport> updatedNodes) {
      LOG.info("onNodesUpdated: " + Joiner.on(",").join(updatedNodes));
    }

    @Override
    public float getProgress() {
      return 0.0f;
    }

    @Override
    public void onError(Throwable e) {
      markCompleted();
      amRMClient.stop();
    }

    @Override
    public void onContainersUpdated(List<UpdatedContainer> containers) {
      LOG.info("onContainersUpdated: " + Joiner.on(",").join(containers));
    }
  }

  private class NMCallbackHandler
      extends NMClientAsync.AbstractCallbackHandler {

    @Override
    public void onContainerStopped(ContainerId containerId) {
      if (isNameNode(containerId)) {
        LOG.info("NameNode container stopped: " + containerId);
        namenodeContainer = null;
        markCompleted();
      } else if (isDataNode(containerId)) {
        LOG.debug("DataNode container stopped: " + containerId);
        datanodeContainers.remove(containerId);
      } else {
        LOG.error(
            "onContainerStopped received unknown container ID: " + containerId);
      }
    }

    @Override
    public void onContainerStatusReceived(ContainerId containerId,
        ContainerStatus containerStatus) {
      if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
        LOG.debug("Container Status: id=" + containerId + ", status="
            + containerStatus);
      }
    }

    @Override
    public void onContainerStarted(ContainerId containerId,
        Map<String, ByteBuffer> allServiceResponse) {
      if (isNameNode(containerId)) {
        LOG.info("NameNode container started at ID " + containerId);
      } else if (isDataNode(containerId)) {
        if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
          LOG.debug("Succeeded to start DataNode Container " + containerId);
        }
        nmClientAsync.getContainerStatusAsync(containerId,
            datanodeContainers.get(containerId).getNodeId());
      } else {
        LOG.error(
            "onContainerStarted received unknown container ID: " + containerId);
      }
    }

    @Override
    public void onStartContainerError(ContainerId containerId, Throwable t) {
      if (isNameNode(containerId)) {
        LOG.error("Failed to start namenode container ID " + containerId, t);
        namenodeContainer = null;
        markCompleted();
      } else if (isDataNode(containerId)) {
        LOG.error("Failed to start DataNode Container " + containerId);
        datanodeContainers.remove(containerId);
        numCompletedDataNodeContainers.incrementAndGet();
        numFailedDataNodeContainers.incrementAndGet();
      } else {
        LOG.error("onStartContainerError received unknown container ID: "
            + containerId);
      }
    }

    @Override
    public void onGetContainerStatusError(ContainerId containerId,
        Throwable t) {
      LOG.error("Failed to query the status of Container " + containerId);
    }

    @Override
    public void onStopContainerError(ContainerId containerId, Throwable t) {
      if (isNameNode(containerId)) {
        LOG.error("Failed to stop NameNode container ID " + containerId);
        namenodeContainer = null;
      } else if (isDataNode(containerId)) {
        LOG.error("Failed to stop DataNode Container " + containerId);
        datanodeContainers.remove(containerId);
      } else {
        LOG.error("onStopContainerError received unknown containerID: "
            + containerId);
      }
    }

    @Override
    @Deprecated
    public void onContainerResourceIncreased(ContainerId containerId,
        Resource resource) {
      LOG.info("onContainerResourceIncreased: {}, {}", containerId, resource);
    }

    @Override
    public void onContainerResourceUpdated(ContainerId containerId,
        Resource resource) {
      LOG.info("onContainerResourceUpdated: {}, {}", containerId, resource);
    }

    @Override
    @Deprecated
    public void onIncreaseContainerResourceError(ContainerId containerId,
        Throwable t) {
      LOG.info("onIncreaseContainerResourceError: {}", containerId, t);
    }

    @Override
    public void onUpdateContainerResourceError(ContainerId containerId,
        Throwable t) {
      LOG.info("onUpdateContainerResourceError: {}", containerId, t);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Thread to connect to the {@link ContainerManagementProtocol} and launch the
   * container that will execute the shell command.
   */
  private class LaunchContainerRunnable implements Runnable {

    // Allocated container
    private Container container;
    private boolean isNameNodeLauncher;

    /**
     * @param lcontainer Allocated container
     * @param isNameNode True iff this should launch a NameNode
     */
    LaunchContainerRunnable(Container lcontainer, boolean isNameNode) {
      this.container = lcontainer;
      this.isNameNodeLauncher = isNameNode;
    }

    /**
     * Get the map of local resources to be used for launching this container.
     */
    private Map<String, LocalResource> getLocalResources() {
      Map<String, LocalResource> localResources = new HashMap<>();

      Map<String, String> envs = System.getenv();
      addAsLocalResourceFromEnv(DynoConstants.CONF_ZIP, localResources, envs);
      addAsLocalResourceFromEnv(DynoConstants.START_SCRIPT, localResources,
          envs);
      addAsLocalResourceFromEnv(DynoConstants.HADOOP_BINARY, localResources,
          envs);
      addAsLocalResourceFromEnv(DynoConstants.VERSION, localResources, envs);
      addAsLocalResourceFromEnv(DynoConstants.DYNO_DEPENDENCIES, localResources,
          envs);
      if (isNameNodeLauncher) {
        addAsLocalResourceFromEnv(DynoConstants.FS_IMAGE, localResources, envs);
        addAsLocalResourceFromEnv(DynoConstants.FS_IMAGE_MD5, localResources,
            envs);
      } else {
        int blockFilesToLocalize = Math.max(1,
            amOptions.getDataNodesPerCluster());
        for (int i = 0; i < blockFilesToLocalize; i++) {
          try {
            localResources.put(
                DynoConstants.BLOCK_LIST_RESOURCE_PATH_PREFIX + i,
                blockListFiles.remove(0));
          } catch (IndexOutOfBoundsException e) {
            break;
          }
        }
      }
      return localResources;
    }

    /**
     * Connects to CM, sets up container launch context for shell command and
     * eventually dispatches the container start request to the CM.
     */
    @Override
    public void run() {
      LOG.info("Setting up container launch context for containerid="
          + container.getId() + ", isNameNode=" + isNameNodeLauncher);
      ContainerLaunchContext ctx = Records
          .newRecord(ContainerLaunchContext.class);

      // Set the environment
      ctx.setEnvironment(amOptions.getShellEnv());
      ctx.setApplicationACLs(applicationAcls);

      try {
        ctx.setLocalResources(getLocalResources());

        ctx.setCommands(getContainerStartCommand());
      } catch (IOException e) {
        LOG.error("Error while configuring container!", e);
        return;
      }

      // Set up tokens for the container
      ctx.setTokens(allTokens.duplicate());

      nmClientAsync.startContainerAsync(container, ctx);
      LOG.info("Starting {}; track at: http://{}/node/containerlogs/{}/{}/",
          isNameNodeLauncher ? "NAMENODE" : "DATANODE",
          container.getNodeHttpAddress(), container.getId(), launchingUser);
    }

    /**
     * Return the command used to start this container.
     */
    private List<String> getContainerStartCommand() throws IOException {
      // Set the necessary command to execute on the allocated container
      List<String> vargs = new ArrayList<>();

      // Set executable command
      vargs.add("./" + DynoConstants.START_SCRIPT.getResourcePath());
      String component = isNameNodeLauncher ? "namenode" : "datanode";
      vargs.add(component);
      if (isNameNodeLauncher) {
        vargs.add(remoteStoragePath.getFileSystem(conf)
            .makeQualified(remoteStoragePath).toString());
      } else {
        vargs.add(namenodeServiceRpcAddress);
        vargs.add(String.valueOf(amOptions.getDataNodeLaunchDelaySec() < 1 ? 0
            : RAND.nextInt(
                Ints.checkedCast(amOptions.getDataNodeLaunchDelaySec()))));
      }

      // Add log redirect params
      vargs.add("1>" + ApplicationConstants.LOG_DIR_EXPANSION_VAR + "/stdout");
      vargs.add("2>" + ApplicationConstants.LOG_DIR_EXPANSION_VAR + "/stderr");

      LOG.info("Completed setting up command for " + component + ": " + vargs);
      return Lists.newArrayList(Joiner.on(" ").join(vargs));
    }

    /**
     * Add the given resource into the map of resources, using information from
     * the supplied environment variables.
     *
     * @param resource The resource to add.
     * @param localResources Map of local resources to insert into.
     * @param env Map of environment variables.
     */
    public void addAsLocalResourceFromEnv(DynoResource resource,
        Map<String, LocalResource> localResources, Map<String, String> env) {
      LOG.debug("Adding resource to localResources: " + resource);
      String resourcePath = resource.getResourcePath();
      if (resourcePath == null) {
        // Default to using the file name in the path
        resourcePath = resource.getPath(env).getName();
      }
      localResources.put(resourcePath,
          LocalResource.newInstance(URL.fromPath(resource.getPath(env)),
              resource.getType(), LocalResourceVisibility.APPLICATION,
              resource.getLength(env), resource.getTimestamp(env)));
    }
  }

  private List<LocalResource> getDataNodeBlockListingFiles()
      throws IOException {
    Path blockListDirPath = new Path(
        System.getenv().get(DynoConstants.BLOCK_LIST_PATH_ENV));
    LOG.info("Looking for block listing files in " + blockListDirPath);
    FileSystem blockZipFS = blockListDirPath.getFileSystem(conf);
    List<LocalResource> files = new LinkedList<>();
    for (FileStatus stat : blockZipFS.listStatus(blockListDirPath,
        DynoConstants.BLOCK_LIST_FILE_FILTER)) {
      LocalResource blockListResource = LocalResource.newInstance(
          URL.fromPath(stat.getPath()),
          LocalResourceType.FILE, LocalResourceVisibility.APPLICATION,
          stat.getLen(), stat.getModificationTime());
      files.add(blockListResource);
    }
    return files;
  }

  /**
   * Return true iff {@code containerId} represents the NameNode container.
   */
  private boolean isNameNode(ContainerId containerId) {
    return namenodeContainer != null
        && namenodeContainer.getId().equals(containerId);
  }

  /**
   * Return true iff {@code containerId} represents a DataNode container.
   */
  private boolean isDataNode(ContainerId containerId) {
    return datanodeContainers.containsKey(containerId);
  }

  /**
   * Setup the request that will be sent to the RM for the container ask.
   *
   * @return the setup ResourceRequest to be sent to RM
   */
  private ContainerRequest setupContainerAskForRM(int memory, int vcores,
      int priority, String nodeLabel) {
    Priority pri = Records.newRecord(Priority.class);
    pri.setPriority(priority);

    // Set up resource type requirements
    // For now, memory and CPU are supported so we set memory and cpu
    // requirements
    Resource capability = Records.newRecord(Resource.class);
    capability.setMemorySize(memory);
    capability.setVirtualCores(vcores);

    return new ContainerRequest(capability, null, null, pri, true, nodeLabel);
  }

}

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