spring-batch JpaPagingItemReader 源码

  • 2022-08-16
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spring-batch JpaPagingItemReader 代码

文件路径:/spring-batch-infrastructure/src/main/java/org/springframework/batch/item/database/JpaPagingItemReader.java

/*
 * Copyright 2006-2021 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.batch.item.database;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.CopyOnWriteArrayList;

import jakarta.persistence.EntityManager;
import jakarta.persistence.EntityManagerFactory;
import jakarta.persistence.EntityTransaction;
import jakarta.persistence.Query;

import org.springframework.batch.item.ExecutionContext;
import org.springframework.batch.item.database.orm.JpaQueryProvider;
import org.springframework.dao.DataAccessResourceFailureException;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;
import org.springframework.util.ClassUtils;

/**
 * <p>
 * {@link org.springframework.batch.item.ItemReader} for reading database records built on
 * top of JPA.
 * </p>
 *
 * <p>
 * It executes the JPQL {@link #setQueryString(String)} to retrieve requested data. The
 * query is executed using paged requests of a size specified in
 * {@link #setPageSize(int)}. Additional pages are requested when needed as
 * {@link #read()} method is called, returning an object corresponding to current
 * position.
 * </p>
 *
 * <p>
 * The performance of the paging depends on the JPA implementation and its use of database
 * specific features to limit the number of returned rows.
 * </p>
 *
 * <p>
 * Setting a fairly large page size and using a commit interval that matches the page size
 * should provide better performance.
 * </p>
 *
 * <p>
 * In order to reduce the memory usage for large results the persistence context is
 * flushed and cleared after each page is read. This causes any entities read to be
 * detached. If you make changes to the entities and want the changes persisted then you
 * must explicitly merge the entities.
 * </p>
 *
 * <p>
 * The reader must be configured with an {@link jakarta.persistence.EntityManagerFactory}.
 * All entity access is performed within a new transaction, independent of any existing
 * Spring managed transactions.
 * </p>
 *
 * <p>
 * The implementation is thread-safe in between calls to {@link #open(ExecutionContext)},
 * but remember to use <code>saveState=false</code> if used in a multi-threaded client (no
 * restart available).
 * </p>
 *
 * @author Thomas Risberg
 * @author Dave Syer
 * @author Will Schipp
 * @author Mahmoud Ben Hassine
 * @since 2.0
 */
public class JpaPagingItemReader<T> extends AbstractPagingItemReader<T> {

	private EntityManagerFactory entityManagerFactory;

	private EntityManager entityManager;

	private final Map<String, Object> jpaPropertyMap = new HashMap<>();

	private String queryString;

	private JpaQueryProvider queryProvider;

	private Map<String, Object> parameterValues;

	private boolean transacted = true;// default value

	public JpaPagingItemReader() {
		setName(ClassUtils.getShortName(JpaPagingItemReader.class));
	}

	/**
	 * Create a query using an appropriate query provider (entityManager OR
	 * queryProvider).
	 */
	private Query createQuery() {
		if (queryProvider == null) {
			return entityManager.createQuery(queryString);
		}
		else {
			return queryProvider.createQuery();
		}
	}

	public void setEntityManagerFactory(EntityManagerFactory entityManagerFactory) {
		this.entityManagerFactory = entityManagerFactory;
	}

	/**
	 * The parameter values to be used for the query execution.
	 * @param parameterValues the values keyed by the parameter named used in the query
	 * string.
	 */
	public void setParameterValues(Map<String, Object> parameterValues) {
		this.parameterValues = parameterValues;
	}

	/**
	 * By default (true) the EntityTransaction will be started and committed around the
	 * read. Can be overridden (false) in cases where the JPA implementation doesn't
	 * support a particular transaction. (e.g. Hibernate with a JTA transaction). NOTE:
	 * may cause problems in guaranteeing the object consistency in the
	 * EntityManagerFactory.
	 * @param transacted indicator
	 */
	public void setTransacted(boolean transacted) {
		this.transacted = transacted;
	}

	@Override
	public void afterPropertiesSet() throws Exception {
		super.afterPropertiesSet();

		if (queryProvider == null) {
			Assert.notNull(entityManagerFactory, "EntityManager is required when queryProvider is null");
			Assert.hasLength(queryString, "Query string is required when queryProvider is null");
		}
	}

	/**
	 * @param queryString JPQL query string
	 */
	public void setQueryString(String queryString) {
		this.queryString = queryString;
	}

	/**
	 * @param queryProvider JPA query provider
	 */
	public void setQueryProvider(JpaQueryProvider queryProvider) {
		this.queryProvider = queryProvider;
	}

	@Override
	protected void doOpen() throws Exception {
		super.doOpen();

		entityManager = entityManagerFactory.createEntityManager(jpaPropertyMap);
		if (entityManager == null) {
			throw new DataAccessResourceFailureException("Unable to obtain an EntityManager");
		}
		// set entityManager to queryProvider, so it participates
		// in JpaPagingItemReader's managed transaction
		if (queryProvider != null) {
			queryProvider.setEntityManager(entityManager);
		}

	}

	@Override
	@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
	protected void doReadPage() {

		EntityTransaction tx = null;

		if (transacted) {
			tx = entityManager.getTransaction();
			tx.begin();

			entityManager.flush();
			entityManager.clear();
		} // end if

		Query query = createQuery().setFirstResult(getPage() * getPageSize()).setMaxResults(getPageSize());

		if (parameterValues != null) {
			for (Map.Entry<String, Object> me : parameterValues.entrySet()) {
				query.setParameter(me.getKey(), me.getValue());
			}
		}

		if (results == null) {
			results = new CopyOnWriteArrayList<>();
		}
		else {
			results.clear();
		}

		if (!transacted) {
			List<T> queryResult = query.getResultList();
			for (T entity : queryResult) {
				entityManager.detach(entity);
				results.add(entity);
			} // end if
		}
		else {
			results.addAll(query.getResultList());
			tx.commit();
		} // end if
	}

	@Override
	protected void doJumpToPage(int itemIndex) {
	}

	@Override
	protected void doClose() throws Exception {
		entityManager.close();
		super.doClose();
	}

}

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