kafka 常用命令

  • 2021-07-07
  • 浏览 (237)

kafka 常用的一些命令

管理

## 创建topic(4个分区,2个副本)
bin/kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper localhost:2181 --replication-factor 2 --partitions 4 --topic test

## kafka版本 >= 2.2
bin/kafka-topics.sh --create --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --replication-factor 1 --partitions 1 --topic test

## 分区扩容
# kafka版本 < 2.2
bin/kafka-topics.sh --zookeeper localhost:2181 --alter --topic topic1 --partitions 2

# kafka版本 >= 2.2
bin/kafka-topics.sh --bootstrap-server broker_host:port --alter --topic topic1 --partitions 2

## 删除topic
bin/kafka-topics.sh --zookeeper localhost:2181 --delete --topic test

查询

## 查询集群描述
bin/kafka-topics.sh --describe --zookeeper 127.0.0.1:2181

## topic列表查询
bin/kafka-topics.sh --zookeeper 127.0.0.1:2181 --list

## topic列表查询(支持0.9版本+)
bin/kafka-topics.sh --list --bootstrap-server localhost:9092

## 新消费者列表查询(支持0.9版本+)
bin/kafka-consumer-groups.sh --new-consumer --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --list

## 新消费者列表查询(支持0.10版本+)
bin/kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --list

## 显示某个消费组的消费详情(仅支持offset存储在zookeeper上的)
bin/kafka-run-class.sh kafka.tools.ConsumerOffsetChecker --zookeeper localhost:2181 --group test

## 显示某个消费组的消费详情(0.9版本 - 0.10.1.0 之前)
bin/kafka-consumer-groups.sh --new-consumer --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --describe --group test-consumer-group

## 显示某个消费组的消费详情(0.10.1.0版本+)
bin/kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --describe --group my-group

发送和消费

## 生产者
bin/kafka-console-producer.sh --broker-list localhost:9092 --topic test

## 消费者
bin/kafka-console-consumer.sh --zookeeper localhost:2181 --topic test

## 新生产者(支持0.9版本+)
bin/kafka-console-producer.sh --broker-list localhost:9092 --topic test --producer.config config/producer.properties

## 新消费者(支持0.9版本+)
bin/kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --topic test --new-consumer --from-beginning --consumer.config config/consumer.properties

## kafka-verifiable-consumer.sh(消费者事件,例如:offset提交等)
bin/kafka-verifiable-consumer.sh --broker-list localhost:9092 --topic test --group-id groupName

## 高级点的用法
bin/kafka-simple-consumer-shell.sh --brist localhost:9092 --topic test --partition 0 --offset 1234  --max-messages 10

切换leader

# kafka版本 <= 2.4
> bin/kafka-preferred-replica-election.sh --zookeeper zk_host:port/chroot

# kafka新版本
> bin/kafka-preferred-replica-election.sh --bootstrap-server broker_host:port

kafka自带压测命令

bin/kafka-producer-perf-test.sh --topic test --num-records 100 --record-size 1 --throughput 100  --producer-props bootstrap.servers=localhost:9092

kafka持续发送消息

持续发送消息到指定的topic中,且每条发送的消息都会有响应信息:

kafka-verifiable-producer.sh --broker-list $(hostname -i):9092 --topic test --max-messages 100000

zookeeper-shell.sh

如果kafka集群的zk配置了chroot路径,那么需要加上/path

bin/zookeeper-shell.sh localhost:2181[/path]
ls /brokers/ids
get /brokers/ids/0

迁移分区

  1. 创建规则json
cat > increase-replication-factor.json <<EOF
{"version":1, "partitions":[
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":0,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":1,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":2,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":3,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":4,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":5,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":6,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":7,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":8,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":9,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":10,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":11,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":12,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":13,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":14,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":15,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":16,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":17,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":18,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":19,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":20,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":21,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":22,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":23,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":24,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":25,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":26,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":27,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":28,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":29,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":30,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":31,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":32,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":33,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":34,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":35,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":36,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":37,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":38,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":39,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":40,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":41,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":42,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":43,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":44,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":45,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":46,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":47,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":48,"replicas":[0,1]},
{"topic":"__consumer_offsets","partition":49,"replicas":[0,1]}]
}
EOF
  1. 执行
bin/kafka-reassign-partitions.sh --zookeeper localhost:2181 --reassignment-json-file increase-replication-factor.json --execute
  1. 验证
bin/kafka-reassign-partitions.sh --zookeeper localhost:2181 --reassignment-json-file increase-replication-factor.json --verify

作者:半兽人
链接:https://www.orchome.com/454
来源:OrcHome
著作权归作者所有。商业转载请联系作者获得授权,非商业转载请注明出处。

正文到此结束